Information For Authors

Interested in submitting to this journal? We recommend that you review the About the Journal page for the journal's section policies, as well as the Author Guidelines below. Authors need to register with the journal prior to submitting or, if already registered, can simply log in and begin the five-step process.

Author Guidelines

The journal welcomes submission of the following types:

  • Research Article
  • Reflections on Teaching Practice
  • Reflections on Professional Practice
  • Book Review

Articles are submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere previously and that they are not being submitted simultaneously to another journal.

If the author uses material protected by copyright, it is the author’s responsibility to acquire any necessary permissions and they are personally responsible for the payment of any fee related to copyright that may be applicable. Authors are also responsible for obtaining any ethical clearance necessary for the publication of their article.

Length: Research articles should normally be between 6,000 and 8,000 words (or Chinese characters) in length. Submission to the Reflection sections can be 3000 - 5000 words (or Chinese characters) or more. Book reviews can be 1,000 words or more.

Language: We consider mainly contributions in English using consistent spelling conventions either in BrE (British English) or AmE (American English), though quality papers in Chinese can also be considered. For papers in Chinese, an extended English abstract of 500 words is required.

If you feel your paper needs some revision so that it is more concise and accesible to the readers and reviewers, you could use professional copyediting service to improve the structure and expression of your paper. Some Q&A on copyediting.

Style Guidelines 

Articles should include the following components: title, author’s name, institution, ORCID (if there is), abstract, keywords, main body (1, 1.1, 1.2, …, 2, 2.1, 2.2, …), references, bio-note (within 250 words), email, corresponding address.

The text must use 1.15 spacing and use a 12-point Times New Roman font.

Reference style: The APA referencing system must be used. For details follow the APA style link.

Footnote and/or Endnote: No content footnotes should be used; instead they should be replaced with references or clarifications in the text.  Copyright permissions should be properly stated as footnotes not end notes.

Trademarks: All trademarks should be denoted as trademarks, not just usual proper nouns.

Conflicts of interest

All authors should disclose any financial or other conflict of interest that may be deemed to influence the results or interpretation of their study. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Editors and Editorial Staff as Authors

Editorial staff or editors shall not be involved in the processing of their own academic work. Submissions authored by editorial staff/editors will be assigned to at least two independent outside reviewers. Decisions will be made by other Editorial Board Members who do not have a conflict of interest with the author on whether their submissions ought to be published or not.


Authors retain copyright of their published work in this journal if they pay the full APC and grant the publisher a non-exclusive licence to publish. A non-exclusive licence means that the rights needed to publish the paper are granted to the publisher on a non-exclusive basis and the ownership of the copyright remains unchanged. The full APC is £160 (US$220).

If the author opts for the waiver of APC to publish their work in this journal, they will be asked to transfer their copyright to the journal/publisher.  Authors can utilize their work under the "fair use" provisions in copyright law, just like any other user. The publisher grants the authors certain rights per Copyright Transfer Agreement.

All the articles are published under the licence of Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial and Non-Derivative 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), if the reader wishes to use for commercial purpose, please get in touch with the editorial office by emailing your request to

The publisher has agreed to not to charge APC for the first two years. . However it welcomes submissions especially those funded by research bodies to pay the full APC to enable Gold open access and for the authors to retain copyright. Authors will be given the choice once the articles are accepted.

The journal provides waivers and discounts to authors from low- and middle-income countries, based on the Research4Life country list. Authors from these countries will have APC costs waived (for Group A countries) or reduced by 50% (for Group B countries).

How to use OJS to submit your papers

  • Authors should not include their names in the file name or in the article text.
  • Once a login is created, please use the same login for the same paper throughout the entire reviewing and production process.
  • If the authors need to resubmit a paper prior to the review process, use the same login and replace the uploaded file and do not resubmit as a new paper or create a new registration.